Archaeologists discover rare remains of pregnant woman in King Solomon’s Mines

The finding marks the first time archaeologists have discovered female remains in the area. Share on facebook Share on twitter Burial mound where archeologists discovered the remains of a pregnant woman in Israel’s Southern Timna valley. Situated in an arid climate with scarce natural resources to sustain life, few human corpses — and no previous female remains — have been unearthed near the copper mines, which were believed to have been exploited for years between the 9th and 14th centuries BCE. Be the first to know – Join our Facebook page. Noting that the last time human remains were uncovered in the Timna Valley was in , archeologist Erez Ben Yosef, who has led the Tel Aviv University team excavating the site since , told Haaretz the finding is extremely unusual. The dig resumed last summer, when it was determined that the upper half of the corpse was missing, while the lower part — including the remains of the fetus, believed to be in its first trimester — was intact. May estimated in an interview with Haaretz that the woman was likely in her 20s when she died, although due to a lack of collagen in the bones necessary for radiocarbon dating, an accurate determination remains difficult. Additionally, remains of musical instruments and a carving of a woman playing a sistrum — an ancient percussion instrument — were found. That led Sweeney to theorize the pregnant woman likely traveled to the copper mines to serve as a singer or musician for Hathor — also known as the goddess of music, love, fertility and natural resources.

History Crash Course #19: King Solomon

His mother is not named in any book of the Bible, but the Talmud identifies her as Nitzevet daughter of Adael. David is described as cementing his relations with various political and national groups through marriage. The Book of Chronicles lists his sons with his various wives and concubines. In Hebron , David had six sons:

The four cardinal directions are also noted — “settentrione, mezzogiorno, oriente, occident” North, South, East, West.

You shall be strong, therefore, and show yourself a man, and keep the charge of the Lord your God to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes and His commandments and His testimonies. As it is written in the Law of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn. It restates the cardinal rule that has guided the Jewish people from the time of the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai: Shortly after Solomon is anointed king, God appears to him in a dream in which He invites Solomon to make a request for himself.

Give therefore your servant an understanding heart to judge your people He is known as chacham mi’kol ha’adam, “wisest of all the men. He composed 3, parables, and 1, poems. He discoursed about trees, from the cedars of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows from the wall. He also discoursed about animals, birds, creeping things and fish. Men of all nations came to hear Solomon’s wisdom, as did all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom.

As we learned in the last installment in this series, King David brought the Ark of the Covenant up to Jerusalem’s Mount Moriah — “the gate of heaven” — but because he had been a warrior who had blood on his hands, he was not permitted by God to erect the Temple.


A warrior who could defeat Goliath and write love psalms, David managed to pull the quarreling Jewish tribes together into one nation and then ruled a kingdom that today remains the heart of Jewish claims to the land of Israel. Living from approximately to BCE, he had at least one daughter and 22 sons, and amassed enough wealth and power for one of those sons, Solomon, to build the Temple in Jerusalem. There, the King David line continued: Princes of the House of David were appointed by religious leaders to govern the Jewish community.

Fraught with behind-the-scenes political infighting, the position survived the Arab conquest of Baghdad but came to an end when the last exilarch, Hezekiah, was imprisoned and tortured to death in CE. Some stayed in Spain, Portugal and Italy, and from there migrated to Europe.

The Stewarts had waited years to establish the bloodline of King David of Jerusalem.

Located in this area are long underground halls, the most famous among them being Solomon’s Stables and the Double and Triple gates. It is possible that similar arches exist to the west of [southern end of] the Temple Mount but there is currently no access to this area. It is traditional to attribute this valuted construction to extensive reconstruction and leveling works that were carried out by Herod at the Temple Mount, however additional changes were carried out in this area at a later period.

Among other reasons, the object of building arches was to decrease the pressure on the supporting walls, and to elevate the platform above the bedrock. But others have argued that the reason for the [system of arches] was to overcome the problem of isolating [defilement of surface buildings] by the dead who might be buried below in “the graves in the depth. Herod carried out extensive works in the Temple Mount therefore doubling it’s surface area.

These projects demanded much work mainly because of topographical difficulties in the south-east part of the Temple Mount.

Rare Find at King Solomon’s Mines: Ancient Pregnant Woman’s Remains

The 25 Most Mysterious Archaeological Finds on Earth An examination of her remains indicates she was in her early 20s and in the first trimester of her pregnancy when she died. The cause of her death is unknown. The woman likely accompanied one of the mining expeditions sent to the Timna Valley to extract copper; she would have served in the Hathor temple while mining operations were underway. The rituals and ceremonies performed at the temple were important, since Hathor was thought to protect the miners.

More recently at Slaves’ Hill, scientists revealed the remains of a sophisticated gatehouse and donkey stables that suggested the settlement had a highly organized defense system.

Rare Find at King Solomon’s Mines: She was in her first trimester when she died. Photo courtesy Central Timna Valley Project The skeleton of a pregnant woman, dating back around 3, years, has been found near a temple dedicated to the Egyptian goddess Hathor at a place that was once called King Solomon’s Mines, archaeologists recently announced. Located in the Timna Valley in Israel, ancient Egyptians and others in the region used the mines for copper mining.

Early archaeologists and explorers believed that King Solomon, an ancient Israeli ruler, controlled the Timna mines. However, many scholars now think the claim is unlikely. Archaeologists discovered the pregnant woman’s skeleton buried in a tumulus a tomb covered by rocks near Hathor’s temple. The people worshipped Hathor — the goddess of love, pleasure and maternity — at Timna, and considered her to be the protector of the miners.

She was buried with beads whose design is similar to those found at the Hathor temple, Ben-Yosef told Live Science. An examination of her remains indicates she was in her early 20s and in the first trimester of her pregnancy when she died.

Testament of Solomon

In fact, they have been known about for centuries, and modern archaeological work on them started way back in the early 19th century. And that lacuna in our understanding has stemmed from one fundamental problem—we still do not know who King David and King Solomon really were, nor where their capital city was. And so before we can find the legendary gold mines of these famous monarchs, we need to find their true identity.

Ben-Yousef will lead another dig at the site later this year.

Biblical account[ edit ] The life of Solomon is primarily described in the second Book of Samuel , and by 1 Chronicles and 1 Kings. His two names mean ” peaceful ” and ” friend of God “, both appropriate to the story of his rule. The first child unnamed in that account , a son conceived adulterously during Uriah’s lifetime, had died before Solomon was conceived as a punishment on account of the death of Uriah by David’s order. Solomon had three named full brothers born to Bathsheba: Nathan , Shammua, and Shobab, [14] besides six known older half-brothers born of as many mothers.

According to 1 Kings 1: According to the First Book of Kings , when David was old, “he could not get warm”. The young woman was very beautiful, and she was of service to the king and attended to him, but the king knew her not. David’s heir apparent , Adonijah , acted to have himself declared king, but was outmaneuvered by Bathsheba and the prophet Nathan , who convinced David to proclaim Solomon king according to his earlier promise not recorded elsewhere in the biblical narrative , [17] despite Solomon being younger than his brothers.

Solomon, as instructed by David, began his reign with an extensive purge, including his father’s chief general, Joab , among others, and further consolidated his position by appointing friends throughout the administration, including in religious positions as well as in civic and military posts. He founded numerous colonies, some of which doubled as trading posts and military outposts. Trade relationships were a focus of his administration.

Rare find at King Solomon’s mines: Ancient pregnant woman’s remains

Solomon, the son of David, King of Israel, hath said that the beginning of our Key is to fear God, to adore him, to honour him with contrition of heart, to invoke him1 in all matters which we wish to undertake, and to operate with very great devotion, for thus God will lead us in the right way. When, therefore, thou shalt wish to acquire the knowledge of magical arts and sciences, it is necessary to have prepared the order of hours and of days, and of the position of the Moon, without the operation of which thou canst effect nothing; but if thou observest them with diligence thou mayest easily and thoroughly arrive at the effect and end which thou desirest to attain.

When1 thou wishest to make any experiment or operation, thou must first prepare, beforehand, all the requisites which thou wilt find described in the following chapters: This first paragraph is omitted in Sloane MSS.

King Solomon himself had inherited the Egyptian line of succession derived from Moses; King Hiram of Tyre preserved the Chaldean descent; while Hiram Abiff brought with him another line of tradition, not derived from either of these sources.

Solomon Linda, far left, and the Evening Birds Wimoweh. Solomon Linda was born in the Zulu heartland of South Africa in He never learned to read or write, but he had a knack for songwriting. In his mid s, he moved to Johannesburg, where he led an a capella band that charmed audiences in the local beer halls. He sang in a high soprano over four-part harmony chants, a style that would come to define a whole generation of Zulu music.

The main predator was the lion. Though record companies in the U. But he played it for his friend Pete Seeger. Their record, with the Gordon Jenkins Orchestra, was basically them singing the title word with vocal flourishes over four simple chords. There was no mention of Solomon Linda.

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